Otranto, the ancient Hydrontus, is the most eastern town of Apulia. City full of exotic charm and rich of history, is divided into an ancient village, surrounded by its ramparted walls vertically on the sea, and in the new town. Among the most important monuments of Otranto, the Aragonese Castle, typical of Renaissance military architecture, the Church of San Pietro (St. Peter) of Byzantine matrix, located almost under lee of the bastions and the Cathedral of the Annunciation which is characterized by a wonderful mosaic floor.
The Adriatic coast
The sea, from which came the dominators and liberators, has always been the most vivid expression of Salento. Starting from the suggestive beaches of Alimini and of Baia dei Turchi (Turkish Bay), white sands, ochre yellow rocks and a lush Mediterranean vegetation, where time seems to not be passed by the landing of the 180000 Saracen up to calcareous cliff of Castro and Santa Cesarea, the Adriatic coast of Salento is deeply various offering suggestive glimpses almost uncontaminated as well as shores perfectly equipped.
Countryside and hinterland cities
Typical features of the rural landscape of the hinterland of Salento are stone constructions, such as dry stone walls, pagghiare, specchie and paralupi. Among major cities, sharing all the presence still perceivable in the architecture and in the costumes of the various dominations that over the centuries occupied the Terra d'Otranto (Land of Otranto), we remember Lecce, capital of Baroque, Maglie, Galatina capital of tarantism, but also small villages like Melpignano, Scorrano, Giurdignano. Giurdignano is very rich of Palaeolithic settlements.